About Nepal



Nepal is home to over 29 million people

The majority of Nepalis are Hindus

81.3% Hindus , 9% Buddhist, 4.4% Muslim, 3.1% Kirant, 1.4% Christian

There are 125 different ethnic groups, with nearly every group speaking their own dialect

Almost half the population is under
25 years old

Nepalis are living
below the poverty line
1 in 4
of the population lives
in regional or remote areas
nearly 80 %

Less than one-fifth of Nepalis have access to safe and reliable drinking water

Just under half the population have access to safely managed toilet facilities

Nepal's Infant Mortality rate is seven times higher than Australia

World Bank Data, (2020).
Mortality rate, under 5 – Nepal

The average life expectancy from birth is 71 years

1 in 3 Nepali adults cannot read or write

Though outlawed in 2018, nearly two-thirds of Nepali women endure the custom of Chhaupadi each month


1 sq km

Nepal is a land-locked country,
with a total land area equivalent to about half the size of the state of Victoria

The Northern Hill and Himalayan regions of Nepal experience cool summers and severe winters

The Southern Terai and the Ganges River plain regions experience subtropical summers and milder winters

Covering over 15% of Nepal, the Himalayas are home to eight of the world’s highest peaks

Sagaramatha (Mount Everest) 8848m, Kanchenjunga 8586m, Lhotse 8516m, Makalu 8485m, Cho Oyu 8188m, Dhaulagiri 8167m, Manaslu 8163m, Annapurna 8091m

Natural Resources

quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt and iron ore

Environmental Issues

deforestation (overuse of wood for fuel and lack of alternatives, forest degradation, soil erosion, contaminated water (with human and animal wastes, agricultural runoff, and industrial effluents), unmanaged solid waste, wildlife conservation, vehicular emissions

Natural Hazards

severe thunderstorms, flooding, landslides, drought and famine depending on the timing, intensity and duration of the summer monsoons